When sending greetings to Prophet Muhammad, some say: Peace be upon him (PBUH) others say: Peace be upon him and his family (PBUHHF) some others say are more generous and say: Peace be upon him and his family (Aalihi) and his wives (wa Azwajihi) and all his companions (wa Sahbihi Ajmaeen). Now let us see how the Prophet himself thought us to send blessing for him: The Messenger of Allah (PBUHHF) said, Do not salute for me in short!
The companions asked, What is saluting in short? The Prophet replied, Saying that Blessing of Allah be upon Muhammad. They asked, what should we say? the Prophet (PBUHHF) answered, Say: Blessing of Allah be upon Muhammad and his Ahlul-Bayt. In another wordings the Prophet replied: Say: O Allah bless Muhammad and his household the same way as you blessed Abraham and his household. Verily you are worthy of all praise full of all glory!. Sunni reference: al-Sawaiq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch. 11, section 1, p225 This saying of the Prophet was in connection with the following verse of Quran which was related about the House of Abraham (AS): They said: Do you wonder at Allahs decree?
The Mercy of Allah and His Blessings be upon you O people of the house! for He is indeed worthy of all praise full of all glory! (Quran 11:73) Moreover, Ibn Hajar also mentioned that some of the Sunni commentators of Quran have narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) that the Quranic verse Peace be upon the family of Yaaseen (Quran 37:130) refers to the family of Muhammad. (See al-Sawaiq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch. 11, section 1, p228). From the tradition given earlier, one can see that the Messenger of Allah (PBUHHF) mentioned his name and his Ahlul-Bayt together, and disliked mentioning his name alone. He specifically ordered that his followers SHOULD include his family in all their greetings to the Prophet Muhammad. This because ONLY those individuals whom Quran testifies to their perfect purity (the last sentence of Verse 33:33) are worthy of being saluted. Let us look at more traditions, this time from Sahih al-Bukhari: Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 6.320 Narrated Kab bin Ujra: It was said, O Allahs Apostle! We know how to greet you, but how to invoke Allah for you?
The Prophet said, Say: O Allah! Send your blessings/greetings (Salawat) on Muhammad and his family, the same way as You sent Your blessings/greetings on Abrahams family. You are indeed worthy of all praise, full of glory. Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 6.321 Narrated Abu Said al-Khudri: We said, O Allahs Apostle! (We know) this greeting (to you) but how shall we invoke Allah for you? He said, Say: O Allah! Send your greetings on Muhammad who is Your servant and Your Messenger, the same way as You sent Your greetings on Abrahams family. And send Your blessings on Muhammad and on Muhammads family, the same way as You sent Your blessings on Abrahams family. Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 6.322 Narrated Ibn Abi Hazim and Ad-Darawardi: Yazid reported (similarly with the following wordings) ...And send Your blessings on Muhammad and on Muhammads family, the same way as You sent Your blessings on Abraham and on Abrahams family. Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 8.368 Narrated Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Laila: Kab bin Ujra met me and said, Shall I give you a present? Once the Prophet (saw) came to us and we said, O Allahs Apostle! We know how to greet You; but how to send Salat upon you? He said Say: O Allah! Send your greetings (Salawat) on Muhammad and his family, the same way as You sent Your Salawat on Abrahams family. O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and on Muhammads family, the same way as You sent Your blessings on Abrahams family. You are indeed worthy of all praise, full of glory.
Two more traditions are as follows: Abu Masud Badri relates: (Once) we, were sitting with Sad bin Ubadah when the Holy Prophet came to us. Bashir Ibn Sad asked the Holy Prophet: O Messenger of Allah, we have been commanded by Allah to invoke blessings on you by reciting Salat, then how shall we do this ? The Holy Prophet kept quite for sometime, so much so that we wished that Bashar bin Sad had not asked the question from the Holy Prophet. After some time the Holy Prophet said these words : O Allah, send Thy blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Muhammad as Thou didst send Thy blessings on Abraham, and bless Muhammad and the children of Muhammad as Thou didst bless Abraham. Indeed Thou art the praiseworthy, the Glorious. Continuing, the Holy Prophet said : and the salutation is already known to you. Sunni reference: Riyadh al-Saliheen, by al-Nawawi, English version, Tradition #1406 Although the above traditions confirm that the Prophet (PBUHHF) ordered people to send Salawat on him and his family. This can not be regarded as self-esteem, rather it was the order by Allah to do that. It served as teaching the Sunnah to people.
Specially the highlighted part in the last tradition shows that the Prophet was hesitating to salute himself at first, but since it was the order of Allah, he conveyed the message. In another tradition: When the Messenger of Allah noticed that a blessing from Allah was to descent, he told Safiyya (one of his wives): Call for me! Call for me! Safiyya said: Call who, O the Messenger of Allah? He said: Call for me my Ahlul-Bayt who are Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husain. Thus we sent for them and they came to him. Then the Prophet (PBUHHF) spread his cloak (upper garment) over them, and raised his hand (toward sky) saying: O Allah! These are my family (Aalee), so bless Muhammad and the family (Aal) of Muhammad. And Allah, to whom belong Might and Majesty, revealed: Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you a thorough purification (Quran, the last sentence of Verse 33:33). Sunni references: al-Mustadrak by al-Hakim, Chapter of Understanding (the virtues) of Companions, v3, p148.
The author then wrote: This tradition is authentic (Sahih) based on the criteria of the two Shaikhs (al-Bukhari and Muslim). Talkhis of al-Mustadrak, by al-Dhahabi, v3, p148 Usdul Ghabah, v3, p33 Similarly, it is narrated that in another occasion, when the Messenger of Allah gathered Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan, al-Husain (peace be upon them all) under his cloak, he said: O Allah! Verily they are from me and I am from them.
Thus place Your blessings and Your mercy and Your satisfaction on me and them. and: O Allah! These are Aale-Muhammad (family of Muhammad). Thus place Your blessings and Your bounty upon the family of Muhammad, for, indeed You are the praiseworthy, the Glorious. Sunni reference: al-Sawaiq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch. 11, section 1, p225, quoted from Ahmad Ibn Hanbal Also it is narrated that: The Messenger of Allah (PBUHHF) said: If one prays, and in it he does not send blessings to me and my family, his prayer will not be accepted. Sunni references: al-Darqunti, and al-Bayhaqi, as quoted in: al-Sawaiq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Ch. 11, p349 In fact, invoking Salawat on the Prophets family was so important that it has been included in ANY Salawat on the Prophet (PBUHHF). Invoking Salawat on the family of the Prophet is a sign of pledging allegiance to them, and affirming what Allah Himself has affirmed for them: They are perfectly cleansed and worthy of being saluted. refrence