SHAFAQNA (Shia International News Association) – Arafat is the name of a land near Mecca which is obligatory for Hajjis to stay there on the 9th day of the month of Zilhajja during the Hajj pilgrimage. The word “Araf” means recognition such as to recognise self and to recognise the God. In this land a human will discover about his/her sins as well as the greatness and blessings of Allah (SWT) leading to confessions and repentance. Of course self-examination/self-recognition will only occur if the Hajj pilgrimage is performed together with thought, vision and wisdom.
In Arafat a Hajji’s self-awareness will lead him/her to calculate all the past mistakes and consequently a genuine repentance. Therefore Arafat is the place of self-examination and self-recognition as well as self-correction. The philosophy behind staying in Arafat is that a Hajji will leave all the world positions behind and wears only 2 pieces of clothing like shroud in order to feel really needy and only sees Allah (SWT) as the only supreme power without a need. In this way a Hajji will remember death, grave and the day of judgment when he/she has no protector except the Almighty.